Sociodemographic differences in reasons for ENDS use among US youth within Wave 2 of the PATH study

Connie Xiao, Kathryn Heley, Ryan David Kennedy, Lisa Lagasse, Meghan Bridgid Moran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION Adolescents use electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS, or e-cigarettes) more than other tobacco products. Among adults, some data indicate that motivations for use vary by sociodemographic group. This study sought to examine how adolescents motivations for ENDS use vary by sociodemographic characteristics, including age, gender, race/ethnicity and household income. METHODS The current study used data from Wave 2 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study. Youth who used ENDS in the past 30 days were asked to report their motivations for product use. Rates of reporting each reason for use were compared across sociodemographic groups. RESULTS Appealing flavors was the most commonly reported motivation for using ENDS, and was mentioned more often among females (89.23#x00025;) than males (74.00#x00025;). Females were also more likely than males to report using ENDS because the product feels like smoking cigarettes (AOR=1.761) and people who are important to the participant smoke them (AOR=1.895). Older teens were more likely to report using ENDS because the product does not smell bad (56.45#x00025;, 15-17 years old; 42.83#x00025;, 12-14 years old). CONCLUSIONS Motivations for ENDS use vary by sociodemographic group. Understanding the motivations for use among sociodemographic subgroups is an initial step towards informing the development of policies and interventions with equally distributed benefits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number99879
JournalTobacco Induced Diseases
Volume17
Issue numberJanuary
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • E-cigarettes
  • ENDS
  • Motivations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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