Sociodemographic characteristics associated with substance use status in a trauma inpatient population

Silvia S. Martins, Marc L. Copersino, Carl A. Soderstrom, Gordon S. Smith, Patricia C. Dischinger, David R. McDuff, J. Richard Hebel, Timothy J. Kerns, Shiu M. Ho, Kathleen M. Read, David A. Gorelick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Substance use is significantly associated with physical injury, yet relatively little is known about the prevalence of specific substance use disorders among trauma patients, or their associated sociodemographic characteristics. We evaluated these issues in an unselected sample of 1,118 adult inpatients at the University of Maryland Shock Trauma Center, Baltimore, MD, who were interviewed with the psychoactive substance use disorder section of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R. Among trauma inpatients, lifetime alcohol users (71.8% of subjects) were more likely male; users of illegal drugs (45.3%) were also more likely to be younger, unmarried, and poor. Patients with current drug abuse/dependence (18.8%) were more likely to be non-white, less educated, and poor; those with current alcohol abuse/dependence (32.1%) were also more likely male, unmarried, and older. These findings highlight the need for screening for substance use disorders in trauma settings and referral of patients to substance abuse treatment programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-62
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Addictive Diseases
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 24 2007

Keywords

  • Sociodemographic characteristics
  • Substance abuse
  • Trauma patients
  • Treatment programs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Martins, S. S., Copersino, M. L., Soderstrom, C. A., Smith, G. S., Dischinger, P. C., McDuff, D. R., Hebel, J. R., Kerns, T. J., Ho, S. M., Read, K. M., & Gorelick, D. A. (2007). Sociodemographic characteristics associated with substance use status in a trauma inpatient population. Journal of Addictive Diseases, 26(2), 53-62. https://doi.org/10.1300/J069v26n02_07