To better understand obesity and overweight among urban African American women, the authors examined sociodemographic, behavioral, and psychological factors within body mass index (BMI) categories. A total of 496 women were recruited for cardiovascular risk factor screening from 20 urban African American churches. Study participants had a mean age of 52.8 years, 13.5 years of education, and an average BMI of 32 kg/m2. Bivariate analyses showed increased overall energy intake and decreased physical performance on a walk test, and general well-being declined as the BMI class increased; obese women had the lowest physical performance and well-being levels and the highest energy intake levels. There was no difference by BMI category, however, in social variables such as educational attainment, employment, marital status, or household income. This study suggests that although women with increasing BMI have some physical and well-being concerns, the major social variables are not differentially distributed by BMI in this sample of women.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Health education & behavior : the official publication of the Society for Public Health Education|
|Issue number||4 Suppl|
|State||Published - Aug 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health