Social role functioning by adolescents with psychiatric disorders

Anne W. Riley, Margaret E. Ensminger, Bert Green, Myungsa Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To identify aspects of social role functioning that are impaired in adolescents with specific psychiatric disorders in order to improve the psychiatric taxonomy and clinical knowledge base. Method: Adolescents in four urban public schools were screened for mental health problems. Structured psychiatric interviews (National institute of Mental Health Diagnostic interview Schedule for Children Version 2.2) with 288 adolescents and their mothers were used to identify youths with psychiatric disorders, and 10 aspects of social role functioning were assessed. Aspects of social role functioning that discriminated between youths with and without psychiatric disorders and between those with emotional disorders and those with disruptive disorders were identified for boys and for girls. Results: Boys with any type of disorder and all youths with disruptive disorders had significant, consistent impairment in academic performance and several other areas of functioning. Youths with emotional disorders, especially girls, demonstrated impairment in social activity participation and peer acceptance, but girls with disorders were not as consistently different from those without as were the boys with emotional disorders. Conclusions: Role functioning differs in important ways between youths with and without psychiatric disorders and between girls and boys with disorders. The results underscore the importance of investigating observable aspects of role behavior in order to improve the timely detection and effective management of psychiatric disorders in youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)620-628
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume37
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1998

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Diagnosis
  • Functioning
  • Psychiatric disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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