Social relationships, social support, and patterns of cognitive aging in healthy, high-functioning older adults: MacArthur studies of successful aging

Teresa E. Seeman, Tina M. Lusignolo, Marilyn Albert, Lisa Berkman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study examines the relationship of social ties and support to patterns of cognitive aging in the MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging (see L. F. Berkman et al., 1993), a cohort study of 1,189 initially high-functioning older adults. Baseline and longitudinal data provide information on initial levels as well as changes in cognitive performance over a 7.5-year period. Linear regression analyses revealed that participants receiving more emotional support had better baseline performance, as did those who were unmarried and those reporting greater conflict with network members. Greater baseline emotional support was also a significant predictor of better cognitive function at the 7.5-year follow-up, controlling for baseline cognitive function and known sociodemographic, behavioral, psychological, and health status predictors of cognitive aging. The findings suggest the potential value of further research on the role of the social environment in protecting against cognitive declines at older ages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)243-255
Number of pages13
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Cognition
  • Social relationships
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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