Social network characteristics and cognition in middle-aged and older adults

Ronald E. Holtzman, George Rebok, Jane S. Saczynski, Anthony C. Kouzis, Kathryn Wilcox Doyle, William W Eaton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We examined the relationship between social network characteristics and global cognitive status in a community-based sample of 354 adults aged 50+ and with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores of 28+ at baseline. Multivariate analyses indicated that interaction in larger social networks related to better maintenance of MMSE scores and reduced odds of decline to population-based lower quartile MMSE scores at follow-up 12 years later. At follow-up, higher levels of interpersonal activity (more frequent contacts in larger social networks) and exposure to emotional support independently related positively to MMSE. The findings suggest that interaction in larger social networks is a marker that portends less cognitive decline, and that distinct associational paths link interpersonal activity and emotional support to cognitive function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Volume59
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2004

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Social Support
Cognition
cognition
social network
examination
interaction
Multivariate Analysis
Maintenance
contact
Sociological Factors
Population
community

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Aging
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Social network characteristics and cognition in middle-aged and older adults. / Holtzman, Ronald E.; Rebok, George; Saczynski, Jane S.; Kouzis, Anthony C.; Doyle, Kathryn Wilcox; Eaton, William W.

In: Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, Vol. 59, No. 6, 11.2004.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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