Social Interaction Patterns of Children and Adolescents with and without Oral Clefts during a Videotaped Analogue Social Encounter

Keith J. Slifer, Adrianna Amari, Tanya Diver, Lisa Hilley, Melissa Beck, Alana Kane, Sharon McDonnell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To examine the social interaction patterns of children with and without oral clefts. Design: Participants were videotaped while interacting with a peer confederate. Oral cleft and control groups were compared on social behavior and several self- and parent-report measures. Participants: Thirty-four 8- to 15-year-olds with oral clefts, matched for sex, age, and socioeconomic status with 34 noncleft controls. Main Outcome Measures: Data were obtained on social behaviors coded from videotapes and on child and parent ratings of social acceptance/competence and facial appearance. Results: Statistically significant differences were found between groups: children with clefts made fewer choices and more often failed to respond to peer questions; children with clefts and their parents reported greater dissatisfaction with the child's facial appearance; and parents of children with clefts rated them as less socially competent. Significant within-group associations were also found. Parent perception of child social competence and child self-perception of social acceptance were positively correlated for both groups. Children with clefts who felt more socially accepted more often looked a peer in the face. Controls who felt more socially accepted chose an activity less often during the social encounter. Conclusions: Differing patterns of overt social behavior as well as parent and self-perception can be measured between children with and without oral clefts. Such results may be helpful in developing interventions to enhance social skills and parent/child adjustment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-184
Number of pages10
JournalCleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2004

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Children
  • Oral clefts
  • Social interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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