Social determinants and the health of drug users: Socioeconomic status, homelessness, and incarceration

Sandro Galea, David Vlahov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: This article reviews the evidence on the adverse health consequences of low socioeconomic status, homelessness, and incarceration among drug users. Observations: Social and economic factors shape risk behavior and the health of drug users. They affect health indirectly by shaping individual drug-use behavior; they affect health directly by affecting the availability of resources, access to social welfare systems, marginalization, and compliance with medication. Minority groups experience a disproportionately high level of the social factors that adversely affect health, factors that contribute to disparities in health among drug users. Conclusion: Public health interventions aimed at improving the health of drug users must address the social factors that accompany and exacerbate the health consequences of illicit drug use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPublic Health Reports
Volume117
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Social Determinants of Health
Homeless Persons
Drug Users
Social Class
Health
Minority Groups
Medication Adherence
Social Welfare
Street Drugs
Risk-Taking
Public Health
Economics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Social determinants and the health of drug users : Socioeconomic status, homelessness, and incarceration. / Galea, Sandro; Vlahov, David.

In: Public Health Reports, Vol. 117, No. SUPPL. 1, 2002.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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