Social Adjustment Profiles of Fatally Injured Drivers: A Replication and Extension

John W. Shaffer, Wayne Towns, Chester W Schmidt, Russel S. Fisher, Howard I. Zlotowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Two samples of fatally injured male drivers were retrospectively compared with a normative population on 18 measures of personal and social adjustment by means of the Katz Adjustment Scales, a device for assessing the behavioral characteristics of persons through interviews with knowledgeable informants. Results obtained from the first sample were essentially replicated in the second, and suggest that fatalities in male drivers, on the average, are seen by informants as having been significantly more belligerent, negative, verbally expansive, hyperactive, and displaying more psychopathology than comparable normative males. Prior existence and prominence of these traits among the cases studied was supported by Department of Motor Vehicles records indicating a high incidence of traffic violations and by excessive blood alcohol levels at autopsy in the majority. The lack of association in these samples between the behavioral traits implicated and either age or blood alcohol level at autopsy suggests the conclusion that whether young or old, drinking or nondrinking, the socially obstreperous driver is at increased risk of becoming a fatality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)508-511
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of General Psychiatry
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1974

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Social Adjustment
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
Autopsy
Motor Vehicles
Psychopathology
Drinking
Interviews
Equipment and Supplies
Incidence
Population
Replication
Blood Alcohol Content
Informants
Alcohol
Blood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Social Adjustment Profiles of Fatally Injured Drivers : A Replication and Extension. / Shaffer, John W.; Towns, Wayne; Schmidt, Chester W; Fisher, Russel S.; Zlotowitz, Howard I.

In: Archives of General Psychiatry, Vol. 30, No. 4, 1974, p. 508-511.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shaffer, John W. ; Towns, Wayne ; Schmidt, Chester W ; Fisher, Russel S. ; Zlotowitz, Howard I. / Social Adjustment Profiles of Fatally Injured Drivers : A Replication and Extension. In: Archives of General Psychiatry. 1974 ; Vol. 30, No. 4. pp. 508-511.
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