Smoking topography predicts abstinence following treatment with nicotine replacement therapy

Andrew A. Strasser, Wallace B. Pickworth, Freda Patterson, Caryn Lerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Smoking topography refers to how a person smokes a cigarette and includes measures of the number of puffs and puff volume, duration, and velocity. This study examined the relationship between smoking topography and abstinence from cigarettes following nicotine replacement therapy. A secondary objective was to determine the relationship of smoking topography to carbon monoxide (CO) exposure. Method: Participants (n = 113) smoked one of their preferred brands of cigarette through a smoking topography device prior to participating in an open-label trial of transdermal nicotine versus nicotine nasal spray. A subset of participants (n = 50) provided breath CO samples prior to and following smoking the cigarette. Results: Mean Vmax [odds ratio (OR), 1.12; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.02-1.24; P = 0.02], mean puff volume (OR, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.91-0.98; P = 0.01), mean interpuff interval (OR, 1.06; 95% CI, 1.00-1.11; P = 0.03), and cigarette type (full flavor versus light/ultralight; OR, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.14-0.89; P = 0.03) were significant predictors of abstinence in a model controlling for treatment group and nicotine dependence. Controlling for time since last cigarette and initial CO level, mean puff velocity (β = 0.171; P = 0.01) was the only significant predictor of CO boost. Conclusion: These results suggest that smoking topography may be useful to predict abstinence after using nicotine replacement therapy and to assess harm from smoking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1800-1804
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention
Volume13
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology

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