Prevalencia del consumo de tabaco en España entre 1945 y 1995. Reconstrucción a partir de las Encuestas Nacionales de Salud

Translated title of the contribution: Smoking in Spain, 1945-1995. A retrospective analysis based on the Spanish National Health Interview Surveys

Esteve Fernández, Anna Schiaffino, Montse García, Esteve Saltó, Joan Ramon Villalbí, Josep Maria Borràs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and Objective: To analyze trends in cigarette consumption in Spain between 1945 and 1995. Material and Methods: Prevalence rates of daily cigarette smoking were derived from the individual information collected in the Spanish National Health Interview Surveys (1993, 1995 and 1997) for the period 1945-1995. Results: In males, the prevalence rate in 1945 was 42.4% (95% confidence interval [Cl], 40,1-44,7%), increased till 59.1 in 1975 (95% Cl, 58,0-60,2%), levelled-off during the decade 1975-1985, and decreased till 48.9% in 1995 (95% Cl, 48,1-49,7%). In females, the prevalence rate of cigarette smoking was less than 5% till the 1970s, and it begun to steadily increase till the end of the study period (22,5%; 95% Cl, 21,9-23,1%). Conclusions: This analysis shows the different dynamics of the smoking epidemic among men and women in Spain.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)14-16
Number of pages3
JournalMedicina clinica
Volume120
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 18 2003

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Keywords

  • Gender differences
  • Health interview survey
  • Prevalence
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco
  • Trends

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Fernández, E., Schiaffino, A., García, M., Saltó, E., Ramon Villalbí, J., & Borràs, J. M. (2003). Prevalencia del consumo de tabaco en España entre 1945 y 1995. Reconstrucción a partir de las Encuestas Nacionales de Salud. Medicina clinica, 120(1), 14-16. https://doi.org/10.1157/13042014