Smoking enhances risk for new external genital warts in men

Dorothy J. Wiley, David Elash Off, Emmanuel V. Masongsong, Diane M. Harper, Karen H. Gylys, Michael J. Silverberg, Roberl L. Cook, Lisetle M. Johnson-Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Repeat episodes of HPV-related external genital warts reflect recurring or new infections No stud)' before has been sufficiently powered to delineate how tobacco use; prior history of EGWs and HIV infection affect the risk for new EGWs. Behavioral, laboratory and examination data for 2,835 Multicenter AIDS Cohort Stud)' participants examined at 21,519 semi-annual visits were evaluated. Fourteen percent (391/2835) of men reported or were diagnosed with EGWs at 3% (675/21,519) of study visits Multivariate analyses showed smoking, prior episodes of EGWs, HIV infection and CD4+ T-lymphocyte count among the infected, each differentially influenced the risk for new EGWs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1215-1234
Number of pages20
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Genital warts
  • HIV
  • Human papillomavirus (hpv)
  • Inai who have sex with men (msm)
  • Longitudinal'cohort
  • Smoking/
  • Tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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