Small peptides derived from somatotropin domain-containing proteins inhibit blood and lymphatic endothelial cell proliferation, migration, adhesion and tube formation

Esak Lee, Elena V. Rosca, Niranjan B. Pandey, Aleksander S. Popel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Angiogenesis is thoroughly balanced and regulated in health; however, it is dysregulated in many diseases including cancer, age-related macular degeneration, cardiovascular diseases such as coronary and peripheral artery diseases and stroke, abnormal embryonic development, and abnormal wound healing. In addition to angiogenesis, lymphangiogenesis is pivotal for maintaining the immune system, homeostasis of body fluids and lymphoid organs; dysregulated lymphangiogenesis may cause inflammatory diseases and lymph node mediated tumor metastasis. Anti-angiogenic or anti-lymphangiogenic small peptides may play an important role as therapeutic agents normalizing angiogenesis or lymphangiogenesis in disease conditions. Several novel endogenous peptides derived from proteins containing a conserved somatotropin domain have been previously identified with the help of our bioinformatics-based methodology. These somatotropin peptides were screened for inhibition of angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis using in vitro proliferation, migration, adhesion and tube formation assays with blood and lymphatic endothelial cells. We found that the peptides have the potential for inhibiting both angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis. Focusing the study on the inhibition of lymphangiogenesis, we found that a peptide derived from the somatotropin conserved domain of transmembrane protein 45A human was the most potent lymphangiogenesis inhibitor, blocking lymphatic endothelial cell migration, adhesion, and tube formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1812-1821
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Volume43
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Blood endothelial cell
  • Endogenous somatotropin peptides
  • Lymphatic endothelial cell
  • Transmembrane protein 45A human

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this