Small Non-coding RNA RyhB mediates persistence to multiple antibiotics and stresses in uropathogenic Escherichia coli by reducing cellular metabolism

Shanshan Zhang, Shuang Liu, Nan Wu, Youhua Yuan, Wenhong Zhang, Ying Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

As dormant phenotypic variants of bacteria, persisters account for many chronic infections affecting human health. Despite numerous studies, the role of small non-coding RNA (sRNA) in bacterial persistence has not been reported. To investigate the role of Hfq-interacting sRNA in persistence, we constructed the deletion mutants of 20 Hfq-interacting sRNAs (RyhB, GcvB, MgrR, RybB, MicF, SgrS, RprA, DicF, SsrS, FnrS, GadY, DsrA, OmrB, ArcZ, RyeB, RydC, OmrA, MicA, MicC, and ChiX) to assess their persistence capacity in uropathogenic Escherichia coli strain UTI89 and identified a new sRNA RyhB being involved in persister formation. The ryhB-knockout mutant had significant defect in persistence to a diverse range of antibiotics (levofloxacin, cefotaxime, gentamicin) and stresses (hyperosmosis, acid, and heat) in both exponential phase and stationary phase. In addition, the effect of RyhB on persistence was synergistic with ppGpp and Fur protein. RNA-Seq analysis indicated that the ryhB-knockout mutant had a hyperactive metabolic state compared with the parent strain. Interestingly, increased adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels and altered NAD+/NADH ratios were observed in the ryhB-knockout mutant. Our findings represent a new level of persistence regulation via sRNA and may provide novel therapeutic targets for interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number136
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume9
Issue numberFEB
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 6 2018

Keywords

  • ATP
  • Antibiotics
  • Escherichia coli
  • Metabolism
  • NAD+/NADH
  • Persisters
  • RyhB
  • Small RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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