Purpose: Members of the small integrin binding ligand N-linked glycoprotein (SIBLING) gene family have the capacity to bind and modulate the activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The expression levels of five SIBLING gene family members [bone sialoprotein (BSP), osteopontin (OPN), dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1), matrix extracellular phosphoglycoprotein (MEPE), and dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP)] and certain MMPs were determined using a commercial cancer array. Experimental Design: Cancer profiling arrays containing normalized cDNA from both tumor and corresponding normal tissues from 241 individual patients were used to screen for SIBLING and MMP expression in nine distinct cancer types. Results: Significantly elevated expression levels were observed for BSP in cancer of the breast, colon, stomach, rectum, thyroid, and kidney; OPN in cancer of the breast, uterus, colon, ovary, lung, rectum, and thyroid; DMP1 in cancer of the breast, uterus, colon, and lung; and dentin sialophosphoprotein in breast and lung cancer. The degree of correlation between a SIBLING and its partner MMP was found to be significant within a given cancer type (e.g., BSP and MMP-2 in colon cancer, OPN and MMP-3 in ovarian cancer; DMP1 and MMP-9 in lung cancer). The expression levels of SIBLINGS were distinct within subtypes of cancer (e.g., breast dactal tumors compared with lobular tumors). In general, SIBLING expression increased with cancer stage for breast, colon, lung, and rectal cancer. Conclusions: These results suggest SIBLINGS as potential markers of early disease progression in a number of different cancer types, some of which currently lack vigorous clinical markers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research