Skin infections among US high school athletes: A national survey

Kurt A. Ashack, Kyle A. Burton, Teresa R. Johnson, Dustin W. Currie, R. Dawn Comstock, Robert P. Dellavalle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Skin infections have long been a reported problem among high school athletes, particularly wrestlers. There has yet to be a national study describing the epidemiology of skin infections across multiple high school sports. Objective We sought to report the epidemiology of skin infections among US high school athletes. Methods High school sports-related skin infections resulting in time loss were reported by a convenience sample of US high schools from 2009/2010 through 2013/2014 via High School Reporting Information Online. Results During the study, 474 skin infections were reported among 20,858,781 athlete exposures, a rate of 2.27 per 100,000 athlete exposures. The largest number of skin infections occurred in wrestling (73.6%) followed by football (17.9%). The most common infections were bacterial (60.6%) and tinea (28.4%) infections. Body parts most often affected were the head/face (25.3%) followed by the forearm (12.7%). Limitations The study included only high schools with National Athletic Trainers' Association-affiliated athletic trainers, which may limit generalizability. However, using athletic trainers as data reporters improved data quality. Conclusions Skin infections are an important subset of high school sports-related adverse events. An understanding of the epidemiology of sports-related skin infections should promote awareness and drive evidence-based prevention efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)679-684.e1
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume74
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Athletes
Sports
Skin
Infection
Epidemiology
Wrestling
Surveys and Questionnaires
Tinea
Football
Human Body
Bacterial Infections
Forearm
Head

Keywords

  • athletes
  • competition
  • high school
  • injury
  • prevention
  • skin infections
  • sports

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

Cite this

Ashack, K. A., Burton, K. A., Johnson, T. R., Currie, D. W., Comstock, R. D., & Dellavalle, R. P. (2016). Skin infections among US high school athletes: A national survey. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 74(4), 679-684.e1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2015.10.042

Skin infections among US high school athletes : A national survey. / Ashack, Kurt A.; Burton, Kyle A.; Johnson, Teresa R.; Currie, Dustin W.; Comstock, R. Dawn; Dellavalle, Robert P.

In: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, Vol. 74, No. 4, 01.04.2016, p. 679-684.e1.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ashack, KA, Burton, KA, Johnson, TR, Currie, DW, Comstock, RD & Dellavalle, RP 2016, 'Skin infections among US high school athletes: A national survey', Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 74, no. 4, pp. 679-684.e1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2015.10.042
Ashack KA, Burton KA, Johnson TR, Currie DW, Comstock RD, Dellavalle RP. Skin infections among US high school athletes: A national survey. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2016 Apr 1;74(4):679-684.e1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2015.10.042
Ashack, Kurt A. ; Burton, Kyle A. ; Johnson, Teresa R. ; Currie, Dustin W. ; Comstock, R. Dawn ; Dellavalle, Robert P. / Skin infections among US high school athletes : A national survey. In: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2016 ; Vol. 74, No. 4. pp. 679-684.e1.
@article{6356bdd1714e45cbab89f751b1d927ab,
title = "Skin infections among US high school athletes: A national survey",
abstract = "Background Skin infections have long been a reported problem among high school athletes, particularly wrestlers. There has yet to be a national study describing the epidemiology of skin infections across multiple high school sports. Objective We sought to report the epidemiology of skin infections among US high school athletes. Methods High school sports-related skin infections resulting in time loss were reported by a convenience sample of US high schools from 2009/2010 through 2013/2014 via High School Reporting Information Online. Results During the study, 474 skin infections were reported among 20,858,781 athlete exposures, a rate of 2.27 per 100,000 athlete exposures. The largest number of skin infections occurred in wrestling (73.6{\%}) followed by football (17.9{\%}). The most common infections were bacterial (60.6{\%}) and tinea (28.4{\%}) infections. Body parts most often affected were the head/face (25.3{\%}) followed by the forearm (12.7{\%}). Limitations The study included only high schools with National Athletic Trainers' Association-affiliated athletic trainers, which may limit generalizability. However, using athletic trainers as data reporters improved data quality. Conclusions Skin infections are an important subset of high school sports-related adverse events. An understanding of the epidemiology of sports-related skin infections should promote awareness and drive evidence-based prevention efforts.",
keywords = "athletes, competition, high school, injury, prevention, skin infections, sports",
author = "Ashack, {Kurt A.} and Burton, {Kyle A.} and Johnson, {Teresa R.} and Currie, {Dustin W.} and Comstock, {R. Dawn} and Dellavalle, {Robert P.}",
year = "2016",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jaad.2015.10.042",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "74",
pages = "679--684.e1",
journal = "Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology",
issn = "0190-9622",
publisher = "Mosby Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Skin infections among US high school athletes

T2 - A national survey

AU - Ashack, Kurt A.

AU - Burton, Kyle A.

AU - Johnson, Teresa R.

AU - Currie, Dustin W.

AU - Comstock, R. Dawn

AU - Dellavalle, Robert P.

PY - 2016/4/1

Y1 - 2016/4/1

N2 - Background Skin infections have long been a reported problem among high school athletes, particularly wrestlers. There has yet to be a national study describing the epidemiology of skin infections across multiple high school sports. Objective We sought to report the epidemiology of skin infections among US high school athletes. Methods High school sports-related skin infections resulting in time loss were reported by a convenience sample of US high schools from 2009/2010 through 2013/2014 via High School Reporting Information Online. Results During the study, 474 skin infections were reported among 20,858,781 athlete exposures, a rate of 2.27 per 100,000 athlete exposures. The largest number of skin infections occurred in wrestling (73.6%) followed by football (17.9%). The most common infections were bacterial (60.6%) and tinea (28.4%) infections. Body parts most often affected were the head/face (25.3%) followed by the forearm (12.7%). Limitations The study included only high schools with National Athletic Trainers' Association-affiliated athletic trainers, which may limit generalizability. However, using athletic trainers as data reporters improved data quality. Conclusions Skin infections are an important subset of high school sports-related adverse events. An understanding of the epidemiology of sports-related skin infections should promote awareness and drive evidence-based prevention efforts.

AB - Background Skin infections have long been a reported problem among high school athletes, particularly wrestlers. There has yet to be a national study describing the epidemiology of skin infections across multiple high school sports. Objective We sought to report the epidemiology of skin infections among US high school athletes. Methods High school sports-related skin infections resulting in time loss were reported by a convenience sample of US high schools from 2009/2010 through 2013/2014 via High School Reporting Information Online. Results During the study, 474 skin infections were reported among 20,858,781 athlete exposures, a rate of 2.27 per 100,000 athlete exposures. The largest number of skin infections occurred in wrestling (73.6%) followed by football (17.9%). The most common infections were bacterial (60.6%) and tinea (28.4%) infections. Body parts most often affected were the head/face (25.3%) followed by the forearm (12.7%). Limitations The study included only high schools with National Athletic Trainers' Association-affiliated athletic trainers, which may limit generalizability. However, using athletic trainers as data reporters improved data quality. Conclusions Skin infections are an important subset of high school sports-related adverse events. An understanding of the epidemiology of sports-related skin infections should promote awareness and drive evidence-based prevention efforts.

KW - athletes

KW - competition

KW - high school

KW - injury

KW - prevention

KW - skin infections

KW - sports

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84960392602&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84960392602&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jaad.2015.10.042

DO - 10.1016/j.jaad.2015.10.042

M3 - Article

C2 - 26850656

AN - SCOPUS:84960392602

VL - 74

SP - 679-684.e1

JO - Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology

JF - Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology

SN - 0190-9622

IS - 4

ER -