Skeletal complications after bone marrow transplant in childhood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Childhood cancer survivors are a growing population with special medical needs. It is projected that 66% of these survivors will have at least 1 adverse health effect and 33% will have a severe, chronic, or lethal health disorder. The Institute of Medicine (2003) has recognized the skeletal system to be at risk for long-term complications from treatment for childhood cancer. Bone marrow transplant is frequently used to treat childhood malignancies and is known to cause skeletal complications. Complex mechanisms contribute to skeletal outcomes after bone marrow transplant, all of which can affect optimal physical functioning. Nurses have taken an important role in providing clinical care and conducting research for this population. A thorough understanding of the mechanisms involved in skeletal complications can help the nurse provide state-of-the-art care and design studies to promote optimal results for bone marrow transplant survivors. This article reviews the literature on skeletal complications associated with allogeneic bone marrow transplant and identifies incidence, etiology, symptoms, monitoring, and treatment of specific complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-85
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2008

Keywords

  • Avascular necrosis
  • Bone marrow transplant
  • Bone mineral density
  • Osteochondroma
  • Survivors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics
  • Oncology(nursing)

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