Site-mapping of in vitro S-nitrosation in cardiac mitochondria: Implications for cardioprotection

Christopher I. Murray, Lesley A. Kane, Helge Uhrigshardt, Sheng Bing Wang, Jennifer E. Van Eyk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


S-nitrosation (SNO) of mitochondrial protein cysteines can be cardioprotective. Several targets have been implicated, yet the scope and identification of specific residues has not been fully assessed. To address this, a comprehensive assessment of mitochondrial SNO-modifiable cysteines was performed to determine nitric oxide (NO) susceptible pathways and identify novel mechanisms of oxidative cardioprotection. The biotin switch assay and mass spectrometry were used on rat cardiac mitochondrial lysates treated with the nitric oxide donor, S-nitrosoglutathione, and controls (n = 3) to map 83 SNO-modified cysteine residues on 60 proteins. Of these, three sites have been reported, 30 sites are new to 21 proteins previously known to be S-nitrosated but which lacked site-specific information and 50 sites were found on 39 proteins not previously implicated in SNO pathways. The SNO-modifications occurred in only a subset of available cysteines, indicating a specific targeted effect. Functional annotation and site-specificity analysis revealed a two-fold greater nitric oxide-susceptibility for proteins involved in transport; including regulators of mitochondrial permeability transition suggesting SNO-regulation and a possible protective mechanism. Additionally, we identified many novel SNO-modified proteins with cardioprotective potential involved in the electron transport chain, tricarboxylic acid cycle, oxidative stress defense, fatty acid and amino acid metabolism. These findings suggest that SNO-modification may represent a novel mechanism for the regulation of oxidative phosphorylation and/or cell death. S-nitrosation of mitochondrial permeability transition-associated proteins represents an intriguing potential link to cardioprotection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMolecular and Cellular Proteomics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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