Sit-stand powered mechanical lifts in long-term care and resident quality indicators

Patricia W. Gucer, Joanna Gaitens, Marc Oliver, Melissa A. Mcdiarmid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:: To determine associations between long-term care powered mechanical lift (PML) availability and mobility-related resident outcomes. METHODS:: Long-term care directors of nursing (N = 271) nationwide gave facility information on the PML availability and the lifting policy to which we linked data on mobility-related resident outcomes from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Minimum Data Set Quality Indicators. RESULTS:: Four of six Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services-derived resident indicators improved with the PML number but were maximal for the sit-stand lift use. In facilities with the fewest lifts, 16% of residents had pressure ulcers and 4% were bedfast. In facilities with the maximum number of lifts, only 10% had pressure ulcers (P = 0.000) and 2% were bedfast (P = 0.002). Although falls were more frequent with more lift use, this risk was blunted by a comprehensive safe lift program. CONCLUSION:: The PML availability is associated with benefits to resident outcomes, and accompanying risks are mitigated by safe lift policies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-44
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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