Single photon emission computed tomography experience with (S)-5-[ 123I]iodo-3-(2-azetidinylmethoxy)pyridine in the living human brain of smokers and nonsmokers

James Robert Brašić, Yun Zhou, John L. Musachio, John Hilton, Hong Fan, Andrew Crabb, Christopher J. Endres, Melvin J. Reinhardt, Ahmet S. Dogan, Mohab Alexander, Olivier Rousset, Marika A. Maris, Jeffrey Galecki, Ayon Nandi, Dean F. Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

(S)-5-[123I]iodo-3-(2-azetidinylmethoxy)pyridine (5-[ 123I]IA), a novel potent radioligand for high-affinity α4β2* neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), provides a means to evaluate the density and the distribution of nAChRs in the living human brain. We sought in healthy adult smokers and nonsmokers to (1) evaluate the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of 5-[123I]IA in an open nonblind trial and (2) to estimate the density and the distribution of α4β2* nAChRs in the brain. Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was performed for 5 h after the i.v. administration of ∼0.001 lg/kg (∼10 mCi) 5-[123I]IA. Blood pressure, heart rate, and neurobehavioral status were monitored before, during, and after the administration of 5-[123I]IA to 12 healthy adults (8 men and 4 women) (6 smokers and 6 nonsmokers) ranging in age from 19 to 46 years (mean = 28.25, standard deviation = 8.20). High plasma-nicotine level was significantly associated with low 5-[123I]IA binding in: (1) the caudate head, the cerebellum, the cortex, and the putamen, utilizing both the Sign and Mann-Whitney U-tests; (2) the fusiform gyrus, the hippocampus, the parahippocampus, and the pons utilizing the Mann-Whitney U-test; and (3) the thalamus utilizing the Sign test. We conclude that 5-[123I]IA is a safe, well-tolerated, and effective pharmacologic agent for human subjects to estimate high-affinity α4/β2 nAChRs in the living human brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-358
Number of pages20
JournalSynapse
Volume63
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2009

Keywords

  • Binding
  • Density
  • Distribution
  • Infusions
  • Safety
  • Tomography
  • Treatment efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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  • Cite this

    Brašić, J. R., Zhou, Y., Musachio, J. L., Hilton, J., Fan, H., Crabb, A., Endres, C. J., Reinhardt, M. J., Dogan, A. S., Alexander, M., Rousset, O., Maris, M. A., Galecki, J., Nandi, A., & Wong, D. F. (2009). Single photon emission computed tomography experience with (S)-5-[ 123I]iodo-3-(2-azetidinylmethoxy)pyridine in the living human brain of smokers and nonsmokers. Synapse, 63(4), 339-358. https://doi.org/10.1002/syn.20611