A role of immunological factors in glioma etiology is suggested by reports of an inverse relationship with history of allergy or autoimmune disease. To test whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in cytokine genes were related to risk of adult glioma, we genotyped 11 SNPs in seven cytokine genes within a hospital-based study conducted by the National Cancer Institute and an independent, population-based study by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (overall 756 cases and 1190 controls with blood samples). The IL4 (rs2243248, -1098T>G) and IL6 (rs1800795, -174G>C) polymorphisms were significantly associated with risk of glioma in the pooled analysis (P trend = 0.006 and 0.04, respectively), although these became attenuated after controlling for the false discovery rate (P trend = 0.07 and 0.22, respectively). Our results underscore the importance of pooled analyses in genetic association studies and suggest that SNPs in cytokine genes may influence susceptibility to glioma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research