Single leg separation prevalence among explanted Björk-Shiley prosthetic heart valves

William J. Blot, Lisa B. Signorello, Sarah S. Cohen, Michel Ibrahim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and aim of the study: Björk-Shiley convexo-concave (BSCC) prosthetic heart valves are believed to have been implanted in over 86,000 patients worldwide. Limited data are available on the prevalence of single leg separations (SLS) of the valves' outlet struts, a potential precursor to complete valve fracture. Methods: Data maintained by the manufacturer, including results of examinations for SLS in explanted valves, were merged with available information on the characteristics of the valve. The prevalence of SLS in the examined valves was calculated according to valve angle, size, position, and study. Results: Among 343 examined valves, the overall prevalence of SLS was 8.2%, but this varied significantly by valve size, being three-fold higher among 29+ mm valves than among smaller valves, with statistically non-significantly higher prevalences among mitral than aortic, and among 70° than 60° valves. By applying the size, position and angle-specific SLS prevalences to the worldwide valve distribution, it is estimated that SLS may be present in 6.8% (95% confidence limits 4.1-9.4%) of all BSCC valves. Conclusion: These findings suggest that SLS may affect between 820 and 1,880 of the almost 20,000 BSCC valves among surviving patients worldwide. Such estimates help frame the context for potential patient screenings, should imaging and acoustic techniques to detect SLS become available.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)657-661
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Heart Valve Disease
Volume16
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2007

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Heart Valves
Leg
Acoustics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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Single leg separation prevalence among explanted Björk-Shiley prosthetic heart valves. / Blot, William J.; Signorello, Lisa B.; Cohen, Sarah S.; Ibrahim, Michel.

In: Journal of Heart Valve Disease, Vol. 16, No. 6, 11.2007, p. 657-661.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Blot, William J. ; Signorello, Lisa B. ; Cohen, Sarah S. ; Ibrahim, Michel. / Single leg separation prevalence among explanted Björk-Shiley prosthetic heart valves. In: Journal of Heart Valve Disease. 2007 ; Vol. 16, No. 6. pp. 657-661.
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