Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the human IL-6, IL-10, TNFα and TNFβ genes have been associated with gene function and susceptibility to disease. In this study, primers containing mismatches at 1-3 nucleotide positions were designed to incorporate a new restriction site recognized by endonucleases AlwNI, BcgI, BglI, BsaBI, BslI, BstXI, EcoNI or XcmI for genotyping SNPs in the IL-6 gene (position - 174), IL-10 gene (positions -592 and -1082), TNFα gene (positions -238, -308 and -863) and TNFβ gene (position + 249) by mismatched polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR/RFLP). Our results show that appropriately designed BslI-based mismatched PCRfRFLP assays can be successfully used to determine the genotypes for approximately 40% of SNPs. The mismatched PCR strategy can be coupled with multiplex-amplification to enable simple and rapid determination of several SNP genotypes in a single reaction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy