We applied comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) to 46 breast carcinoma samples, collected from 1993 to 1995, in order to detect chromosome 1q gains and 16q losses and to define whether samples showing both these alterations had distinct biopathologic features and different clinical outcome. A total of 22 samples (48%) had simultaneous chromosome 1q gain and 16q loss, which was always associated with other genetic changes. In total, 23 samples had various chromosome imbalances (including chromosome 1q gain independent of chromosome 16q loss and vice versa) and one sample did not show detectable alterations. Samples having chromosome 1q gain/16q loss were compared to the other samples with regard to neoplasm size, lymph-node status, histologic and nuclear grade, estrogen and progesterone receptor presence, Ki-67, pRB, Cyclin D1, Cyclin A, p53, p21 and p27 expression as detected by immunohistochemistry. The samples showing chromosome 1q gain/16q loss had high steroid hormone receptor expression (P = 0.02), low cell growth fraction (Ki-67, P = 0.03) and high p27 expression (P <0.001). No statistical correlation with disease-free survival and overall survival or response to hormonal therapy was found. We conclude that simultaneous chromosome 1q gain/16q loss is a frequent event in invasive breast cancer, which occurs in a subset of both intermediate-and high-grade breast carcinomas. Although the final chromosome 1q and 16q imbalances might have originated from different chromosome alterations in low- and high-grade samples, the gene-dosage effect might be important in conferring peculiar biopathologic characteristics to this subset of samples. The cytogenetic and molecular mechanisms underlying these chromosome changes deserve further investigations.
- Breast carcinoma
- Chromosome 16q losses
- Chromosome 1q gains
- Comparative genomic hybridization
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine