Simulation training and resident performance of singleton vaginal breech delivery

Shad Deering, Jill Brown, Jonathon Hodor, Andrew Satin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


OBJECTIVE: To determine whether simulation training improves resident competency in the management of a simulated vaginal breech delivery. METHODS: Without advance notice or training, residents from 2 obstetrics and gynecology residency programs participated in a standardized simulation scenario of management of an imminent term vaginal breech delivery. The scenario used an obstetric birth simulator and human actors, with the encounters digitally recorded. Residents then received a training session with the simulator on the proper techniques for vaginal breech delivery. Two weeks later they were retested using a similar simulation scenario. A physician, blinded to training status, graded the residents' performance using a standardized evaluation sheet. Statistical analysis included the Wilcoxon signed rank test, McNemar χ2, regression analysis, and paired t test as appropriate with a P value of less than .05 considered significant. RESULTS: Twenty residents from 2 institutions completed all parts of the study protocol. Trained residents had significantly higher scores in 8 of 12 critical delivery components (P <.05). Overall performance of the delivery and safety in performing the delivery also improved significantly (P = .001 for both). CONCLUSION: Simulation training improved resident performance in the management of a simulated vaginal breech delivery. Performance of a term breech vaginal delivery is well suited for simulation training, because it is uncommon and inevitable, and improper technique may result in significant injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-89
Number of pages4
JournalObstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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