Simulation exercise to improve retention of cardiopulmonary resuscitation priorities for in-hospital cardiac arrests: A randomized controlled trial

Nancy J. Sullivan, Jordan Duval-Arnould, Marida Twilley, Sarah P. Smith, Deborah Aksamit, Pam Boone-Guercio, Pamela R. Jeffries, Elizabeth A. Hunt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Traditional American Heart Association (AHA) cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) curriculum focuses on teams of two performing quality chest compressions with rescuers on their knees but does not include training specific to In-Hospital Cardiac Arrests (IHCA), i.e. patient in hospital bed with large resuscitation teams and sophisticated technology available. DesignA randomized controlled trial was conducted with the primary goal of evaluating the effectiveness and ideal frequency of in-situ training on time elapsed from call for help to; (1) initiation of chest compressions and (2) successful defibrillation in IHCA. MethodsNon-intensive care unit nurses were randomized into four groups: standard AHA training (C) and three groups that participated in 15. min in-situ IHCA training sessions every two (2M), three (3M) or six months (6M). Curriculum included specific choreography for teams to achieve immediate chest compressions, high chest compression fractions and rapid defibrillation while incorporating use of a backboard, stepstool. ResultsMore frequent training was associated with decreased median (IQR) seconds to: starting compressions: [C: 33(25-40) vs. 6M: 21(15-26) vs. 3M: 14(10-20) vs. 2M: 13(9-20); p<. 0.001]; and defibrillation: [C: 157(140-254) vs. 6M: 138(107-158) vs. 3M: 115(101-119) vs. 2M: 109(98-129); p<. 0.001]. A composite outcome of key priorities, compressions within 20. s, defibrillation within 180. s and use of a backboard, revealed improvement with more frequent training sessions: [C:5%(1/18) vs. 6M: 23%(4/17) vs. 3M: 56%(9/16) vs. 2M: 73%(11/15); p<. 0.001]. ConclusionResults revealed short in-situ training sessions conducted every 3 months are effective in improving timely initiation of chest compressions and defibrillation in IHCA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6-13
Number of pages8
JournalResuscitation
Volume86
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation priorities
  • In-Hospital Cardiac Arrests
  • In-situ simulation training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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