Silencing NKD2 by promoter region hypermethylation promotes gastric cancer invasion and metastasis by up-regulating SOX18 in human gastric cancer

Yan Jia, Baoping Cao, Yunsheng Yang, Enqiang Linghu, Qimin Zhan, Youyong Lu, Yingyan Yu, James G. Herman, Mingzhou Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Naked cuticle homolog2 (NKD2) is located in chromosome 5p15.3, which is frequently loss of heterozygosity in human colorectal and gastric cancers. In order to understand the mechanism of NKD2 in gastric cancer development, 6 gastric cancer cell lines and 196 cases of human primary gastric cancer samples were involved. Methylation specific PCR (MSP), gene expression array, flow cytometry, transwell assay and xenograft mice model were employed in this study. The expression of NKD1 and NKD2 was silenced by promoter region hypermethylation. NKD1 and NKD2 were methylated in 11.7% (23/196) and 53.1% (104/196) in human primary gastric cancer samples. NKD2 methylation is associated with cell differentiation, TNM stage and distant metastasis significantly (all P <0.05), and the overall survival time is longer in NKD2 unmethylated group compared to NKD2 methylated group (P <0.05). Restoration of NKD2 expression suppressed cell proliferation, colony formation, cell invasion and migration, induced G2/M phase arrest, and sensitized cancer cells to docetaxel. NKD2 inhibits SOX18 and MMP-2,7,9 expression and suppresses BGC823 cell xenograft growth. In conclusion, NKD2 methylation may serve as a poor prognostic and chemo-sensitive marker in human gastric cancer. NKD2 impedes gastric cancer metastasis by inhibiting SOX18.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33470-33485
Number of pages16
JournalOncotarget
Volume6
Issue number32
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • DNA methylation
  • Gastric cancer
  • NKD1
  • NKD2
  • SOX18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Silencing NKD2 by promoter region hypermethylation promotes gastric cancer invasion and metastasis by up-regulating SOX18 in human gastric cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this