A potential effective treatment for prevention of osteoporotic hip fractures is augmentation of the mechanical properties of the femur by injecting it with bone cement. This therapy, however, is only in research stage and can benefit substantially from computational simulations to optimize the pattern of cement injection. Some studies have considered a patient-specific planning paradigm for Osteoporotic Hip Augmentation (OHA). Despite their biomechanical advantages, customized plans require advanced surgical systems for implementation. Other studies, therefore, have suggested a more generalized injection strategy. The goal of this study is to investigate as to whether the additional computational overhead of the patient-specific planning can significantly improve the bone strength as compared to the generalized injection strategies attempted in the literature. For this purpose, numerical models were developed from high resolution CT images (n = 4). Through finite element analysis and hydrodynamic simulations, we compared the biomechanical efficiency of the customized cement-based augmentation along with three generalized injection strategies developed previously. Two series of simulations were studied, one with homogeneous and one with inhomogeneous material properties for the osteoporotic bone. The customized cement-based augmentation inhomogeneous models showed that injection of only 10 ml of bone cement can significantly increase the yield load (79.6%, P < 0.01) and yield energy (199%, P < 0.01) of an osteoporotic femur. This increase is significantly higher than those of the generalized injections proposed previously (23.8% on average). Our findings suggest that OHA can significantly benefit from a patient-specific plan that determines the pattern and volume of the injected cement.
- Finite element analysis
- Osteoporotic hip augmentation
- PMMA cement
- Surgical planning
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Biomedical Engineering