Short-Term Outcomes for Restorative and Non-Restorative Proctocolectomy in Older Adults

Tarek Hassab, Duncan McKinney, Christopher D. D'Adamo, Shane Svoboda, Mark Katlic, Joshua H. Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Curative surgery for ulcerative colitis can be subdivided into restorative (with pouch and anastomosis) and non-restorative operations. Restorative surgery in older adults is controversial, due to concerns about surgical risk and long-term functional outcome. The goal of this study is to compare 30-day outcomes for restorative and non-restorative surgery in older adults with ulcerative colitis. Methods: Data were obtained from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Initiative Program from 2012-2018. Patients were included if they were >65 years old and had ulcerative colitis. Restorative and non-restorative surgeries were defined with procedure codes. Patient characteristics and adverse surgical outcomes were compared between restorative and non-restorative surgeries utilizing chi-square tests and Fisher's exact tests. Multivariate logistic regression models were constructed to evaluate the association of restorative versus non-restorative surgery with adverse surgical outcomes while adjusting for potential confounders. Results: Of 392 total patients, 95 had restorative and 297 had non-restorative surgery. Patients undergoing restorative surgery, compared to non-restorative surgery, were significantly younger (P<0.01), had lower incidences of steroid usage (P<0.001) and higher rates of readmission (P = 0.02). There were no differences in post-operative complications between the groups in both unadjusted analyses and covariate-adjusted regression analysis (P > 0.05). Conclusion: In carefully selected older patients with ulcerative colitis, restorative surgery is associated with increased readmission, but otherwise similar rates of morbidity or mortality compared to non-restorative surgery. Data regarding postoperative functional outcome and quality of life are also needed to help select the most appropriate curative option for older adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-17
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume269
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ileal-pouch anal anastomosis
  • Proctocolectomy
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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