Short Communication: Heightened HIV Antibody Responses in Postpartum Women as Exemplified by Recent Infection Assays: Implications for Incidence Estimates

John W. Hargrove, Cari Van Schalkwyk, Jean Hawes Humphrey, Kuda Mutasa, Robert Ntozini, Sherry Michele Owen, Silvina Masciotra, Bharat S. Parekh, Yen T. Duong, Trudy Dobbs, Peter H. Kilmarx, Elizabeth Gonese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Laboratory assays that identify recent HIV infections are important for assessing impacts of interventions aimed at reducing HIV incidence. Kinetics of HIV humoral responses can vary with inherent assay properties, and between HIV subtypes, populations, and physiological states. They are important in determining mean duration of recent infection (MDRI) for antibody-based assays for detecting recent HIV infections.Wedetermined MDRIs for multi-subtype peptide representing subtypes B, E and D (BED)-capture enzyme immunoassay, limiting antigen (LAg), and Bio-Rad Avidity Incidence (BRAI) assays for 101 seroconverting postpartum women, recruited in Harare from 1997 to 2000 during the Zimbabwe Vitamin A for Mothers and Babies trial, comparing them against published MDRIs estimated from seroconverting cases in the general population. We also compared MDRIs for women who seroconverted either during the first 9 months, or at later stages, postpartum. At cutoffs (C) of 0.8 for BED, 1.5 for LAg, and 40% for BRAI, estimated MDRIs for postpartum mothers were 192, 104, and 144 days, 33%, 32%, and 52% lower than published estimates of 287, 152 and 298 days, respectively, for clade C samples from general populations. Point estimates of MDRI values were 7%-19% shorter for women who seroconverted in the first 9 months postpartum than for those seroconverting later. MDRIvalues for three HIV incidence biomarkers are longer in the general population than among postpartum women, particularly those who recently gave birth, consistent with heightened immunological activation soon after birth. Our results provide a caution that MDRI may vary significantly between subjects in different physiological states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)902-904
Number of pages3
JournalAIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Volume33
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • BRAI
  • LAg
  • MDRI
  • Recent infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

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