Current serological assays that are used for cross-sectional HIV incidence estimation have been shown to misclassify individuals with chronic infection. Limited information exists on the performance of cross-sectional incidence assays in Central Africa. HIV-positive individuals from Cameroon who were infected for at least 1 or 2 years were evaluated to determine the false recent ratio (FRR) of a two-assay algorithm, which includes the Limiting Antigen Avidity (LAg-Avidity) assay (normalized optical density units, ODn <1.5) and HIV viral load (>1000 copies/ml). The subject-level FRR was 5.3% (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.1-10.5) for individuals infected for ≥1 year and 3.9% (95% CI, 0.8-11.0) for individuals infected for ≥2 years. These data suggest that the LAg-Avidity plus viral load incidence algorithm may overestimate HIV incidence rates in Central Africa.
- HIV, cross-sectional incidence, Cameroon
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases