Shift work, role overload, and the transition to parenthood

Maureen Perry-Jenkins, Abbie E. Goldberg, Courtney Keeton, Aline G. Sayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article examines how the work hours, work schedules, and role overload of working-class couples are related to depressive symptoms and relationship conflict across the transition to parenthood. Data are from 132 dual-earner couples interviewed 5 times across the transition. Multilevel modeling analyses revealed that working evening or night shifts, as opposed to day shifts, was related to higher levels of depressive symptoms. For mothers only, working rotating shifts predicted relationship conflict. Increases in role overload were positively related to both depression and conflict; working a nonday shift explained variance in depression and conflict above and beyond role overload. Results suggest that for new parents, working nonday shifts may be a risk factor for depressive symptoms and relationship conflict.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-138
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Marriage and Family
Volume69
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

shift work
parenthood
working class
parents
Parenthood
Depressive Symptoms

Keywords

  • Conflict
  • Depression
  • Dual-earner
  • Transition to parenthood
  • Work family balance
  • Work hours

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Shift work, role overload, and the transition to parenthood. / Perry-Jenkins, Maureen; Goldberg, Abbie E.; Keeton, Courtney; Sayer, Aline G.

In: Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 69, No. 1, 02.2007, p. 123-138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Perry-Jenkins, Maureen ; Goldberg, Abbie E. ; Keeton, Courtney ; Sayer, Aline G. / Shift work, role overload, and the transition to parenthood. In: Journal of Marriage and Family. 2007 ; Vol. 69, No. 1. pp. 123-138.
@article{a2b7c5459adb4f9cb3ede862f2f99793,
title = "Shift work, role overload, and the transition to parenthood",
abstract = "This article examines how the work hours, work schedules, and role overload of working-class couples are related to depressive symptoms and relationship conflict across the transition to parenthood. Data are from 132 dual-earner couples interviewed 5 times across the transition. Multilevel modeling analyses revealed that working evening or night shifts, as opposed to day shifts, was related to higher levels of depressive symptoms. For mothers only, working rotating shifts predicted relationship conflict. Increases in role overload were positively related to both depression and conflict; working a nonday shift explained variance in depression and conflict above and beyond role overload. Results suggest that for new parents, working nonday shifts may be a risk factor for depressive symptoms and relationship conflict.",
keywords = "Conflict, Depression, Dual-earner, Transition to parenthood, Work family balance, Work hours",
author = "Maureen Perry-Jenkins and Goldberg, {Abbie E.} and Courtney Keeton and Sayer, {Aline G.}",
year = "2007",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00349.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "69",
pages = "123--138",
journal = "Journal of Marriage and Family",
issn = "0022-2445",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Shift work, role overload, and the transition to parenthood

AU - Perry-Jenkins, Maureen

AU - Goldberg, Abbie E.

AU - Keeton, Courtney

AU - Sayer, Aline G.

PY - 2007/2

Y1 - 2007/2

N2 - This article examines how the work hours, work schedules, and role overload of working-class couples are related to depressive symptoms and relationship conflict across the transition to parenthood. Data are from 132 dual-earner couples interviewed 5 times across the transition. Multilevel modeling analyses revealed that working evening or night shifts, as opposed to day shifts, was related to higher levels of depressive symptoms. For mothers only, working rotating shifts predicted relationship conflict. Increases in role overload were positively related to both depression and conflict; working a nonday shift explained variance in depression and conflict above and beyond role overload. Results suggest that for new parents, working nonday shifts may be a risk factor for depressive symptoms and relationship conflict.

AB - This article examines how the work hours, work schedules, and role overload of working-class couples are related to depressive symptoms and relationship conflict across the transition to parenthood. Data are from 132 dual-earner couples interviewed 5 times across the transition. Multilevel modeling analyses revealed that working evening or night shifts, as opposed to day shifts, was related to higher levels of depressive symptoms. For mothers only, working rotating shifts predicted relationship conflict. Increases in role overload were positively related to both depression and conflict; working a nonday shift explained variance in depression and conflict above and beyond role overload. Results suggest that for new parents, working nonday shifts may be a risk factor for depressive symptoms and relationship conflict.

KW - Conflict

KW - Depression

KW - Dual-earner

KW - Transition to parenthood

KW - Work family balance

KW - Work hours

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33846459358&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33846459358&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00349.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00349.x

M3 - Article

C2 - 20216932

AN - SCOPUS:33846459358

VL - 69

SP - 123

EP - 138

JO - Journal of Marriage and Family

JF - Journal of Marriage and Family

SN - 0022-2445

IS - 1

ER -