## Abstract

Theory of [formula omitted] shear suppression of turbulence in toroidal geometry [Phys. Plasmas 2, 1648 (1995)] is extended to include fast time variations of the [formula omitted] flows often observed in nonlinear simulations of tokamak turbulence. It is shown that the quickly time varying components of the [formula omitted] flows, while they typically contribute significantly to the instantaneous [formula omitted] shearing rate, are less effective than the slowly time varying components in suppressing turbulence. This is because the shear flow pattern changes before eddies get distorted enough. The effective [formula omitted] shearing rate capturing this important physics is analytically derived and estimated from zonal flow statistics of gyrofluid simulation. This provides new insights into understanding recent gyrofluid and gyrokinetic simulations that yield a reduced, but not completely quenched, level of turbulence in the presence of turbulence-driven zonal flows.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 922-926 |

Number of pages | 5 |

Journal | Physics of Plasmas |

Volume | 6 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Mar 1999 |

Externally published | Yes |

## Keywords

- MAGNETIC CONFINEMENT
- NONLINEAR PROBLEMS
- PLASMA SIMULATION
- SHEAR
- TOKAMAK DEVICES
- TURBULENCE
- TURBULENT FLOW

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Condensed Matter Physics