SeXX matters in immunity

J. G. Markle, E. N. Fish

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The significant contributions of sex to an immune response, specifically in the context of the sex bias observed in susceptibility to infectious and autoimmune diseases and their pathogenesis, have until recently, largely been ignored and understudied. This review highlights recent findings related to sex-specific factors that provide new insights into how sex determines the transcriptome, the microbiome, and the consequent immune cell functional profile to define an immune response. Unquestionably, accumulating data confirm that sex matters and must be a consideration when decisions around therapeutic intervention strategies are developed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-104
Number of pages8
JournalTrends in Immunology
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autoimmunity
  • Immune response
  • Infection
  • Sex
  • Vaccination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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