Sexual health outcomes in adults with complete male epispadias

Sunil S. Reddy, Brian M. Inouye, Uzoma A. Anele, Mahmoud Abdelwahab, Brian Le, John P. Gearhart, Pravin K. Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose Complete male epispadias is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by failed closure of the entire penopubic dorsal urethra. Epispadias repair is typically performed during infancy, and resultant genitourinary abnormalities can have a marked impact on adult life. We assess long-term post-reconstruction sexual health and fertility outcomes in adults with complete male epispadias. Materials and Methods A total of 132 patients 18 years or older with complete male epispadias who had undergone reconstruction were identified from a prospectively maintained, institutionally approved database. Patients who could be contacted were asked to complete a telephone survey regarding sexual function. Reconstructive history and clinical details were obtained by chart/database review. Results Of 132 patients with complete male epispadias 74 met inclusion criteria and 15 (20%) completed the questionnaire. Seven patients (47%) reported currently being in a relationship. Although 12 patients (80%) reported overall satisfactory sexual intercourse, 11 (73%) admitted to 1 or more problems with sexual function, including abnormal ejaculation (53%), diminished sensation (20%) and difficulty maintaining an erection (20%). When questioned regarding the importance of fertility on a scale of 0 to 5 using a Likert-type item the response of 10 patients (67%) was 4 points or greater. Five patients (33%) reported having impregnated a sexual partner. Although 4 patients (27%) had suspicion of fertility problems, only 2 (13%) reported having abnormal semen analyses. Conclusions This is one of few studies examining post-reconstruction sexual health and function in adults with complete male epispadias. Although small, our study demonstrates that patients are able to engage in relationships, participate in sexual intercourse and impregnate their partners. These results highlight sexual concerns and outcomes that may be of use when counselling patients with complete male epispadias and their families.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1091-1095
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015


  • bladder exstrophy
  • epispadias
  • longitudinal studies
  • male
  • physiological
  • sexual dysfunction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


Dive into the research topics of 'Sexual health outcomes in adults with complete male epispadias'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this