Sexual function and fertility issues in cases of exstrophy epispadias complex

M. S. Ansari, R. M. Cervellione, John Phillip Gearhart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


In patients with EEC, the issues such as sexuality, sexual function and fertility gain more importance once theses patients advance from puberty to adulthood. The aim of this review is to critically examine the available evidence on these issues. A systemic literature search was performed in Medline over the last 25 years using the key words: Exstrophy, sexual function and pregnancy. Search results were limited to studies of patients with exstrophy published in English literature. A total of 1500 publications were found and subsequently screened by title and when appropriate by abstracts. Of these, 40 publications pertinent to the subject were included for the analysis. The publications were supplemented by an additional 15 publications obtained from their bibliographies. The studies were rated according to the guidelines published by the US department of health and human services. Heterosexuality is usually expressed in both the sexes and most of them have adequate sexual function. Urinary diversion in some series seems to result in better ejaculatory hence fertility outcome in male patients. Recent series have shown equally good results with primary reconstruction. Most of the female patients have normal fertility while male patients have significantly low fertility. Most of the male and female patients with EEC have adequate sexual function. Most of the female patients have normal fertility while most of the male patients have significantly low fertility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)595-597
Number of pages3
JournalIndian Journal of Urology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010



  • epispadias
  • Exstrophy
  • fertility
  • pregnancy
  • sexual function
  • sexuality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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