Sexual Behaviors of US Women at Risk of HIV Acquisition: A Longitudinal Analysis of Findings from HPTN 064

J. Justman, M. Befus, J. Hughes, J. Wang, C. E. Golin, A. A. Adimora, I. Kuo, D. F. Haley, C. del Rio, W. M. El-Sadr, A. Rompalo, S. Mannheimer, L. Soto-Torres, S. Hodder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We describe the sexual behaviors of women at elevated risk of HIV acquisition who reside in areas of high HIV prevalence and poverty in the US. Participants in HPTN 064, a prospective HIV incidence study, provided information about individual sexual behaviors and male sexual partners in the past 6 months at baseline, 6- and 12-months. Independent predictors of consistent or increased temporal patterns for three high-risk sexual behaviors were assessed separately: exchange sex, unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) and concurrent partnerships. The baseline prevalence of each behavior was >30 % among the 2,099 participants, 88 % reported partner(s) with >1 HIV risk characteristic and both individual and partner risk characteristics decreased over time. Less than high school education and food insecurity predicted consistent/increased engagement in exchange sex and UAI, and partner’s concurrency predicted participant concurrency. Our results demonstrate how interpersonal and social factors may influence sustained high-risk behavior by individuals and suggest that further study of the economic issues related to HIV risk could inform future prevention interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1327-1337
Number of pages11
JournalAIDS and behavior
Volume19
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 25 2015

Keywords

  • Concurrent partnerships
  • Exchange sex
  • Longitudinal patterns
  • Sexual risk behaviors
  • Unprotected anal intercourse
  • Women in the US

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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