Sexual Behavior, Smoking, and HIV-1 Infection in Haitian Women

Neal A Halsey, Jacqueline S. Coberly, Elizabeth Holt, Jeannine Coreil, Patricia Kissinger, Lawrence Hale Moulton, Jean Robert Brutus, Reginald Boulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective.—To determine whether a previously observed association between human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection and smoking in Haitian women could be explained by confounding high-risk behaviors. Design and Setting.—A nested case-control study at a primary care health clinic in Cité Soleil, Haiti. Participants.—Women who reported having smoked (n=89) and randomly selected nonsmokers (n = 329) who had participated in a survey 1 to 12 months earlier evaluating risk factors for HIV-1 infection. Main Outcome Measures.—Lifetime sexual practices, smoking, health beliefs and practices, and other factors potentially confounding the relationship between smoking and HIV-1 infection. Results.—Compared with nonsmokers, smokers reported higher rates of high-risk behaviors, including more lifetime sex partners (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2062-2066
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Medical Association
Volume267
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 1992

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Virus Diseases
Sexual Behavior
HIV-1
Smoking
Risk-Taking
Haiti
Case-Control Studies
Primary Health Care
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Sexual Behavior, Smoking, and HIV-1 Infection in Haitian Women. / Halsey, Neal A; Coberly, Jacqueline S.; Holt, Elizabeth; Coreil, Jeannine; Kissinger, Patricia; Moulton, Lawrence Hale; Brutus, Jean Robert; Boulos, Reginald.

In: Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 267, No. 15, 15.04.1992, p. 2062-2066.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Halsey, Neal A ; Coberly, Jacqueline S. ; Holt, Elizabeth ; Coreil, Jeannine ; Kissinger, Patricia ; Moulton, Lawrence Hale ; Brutus, Jean Robert ; Boulos, Reginald. / Sexual Behavior, Smoking, and HIV-1 Infection in Haitian Women. In: Journal of the American Medical Association. 1992 ; Vol. 267, No. 15. pp. 2062-2066.
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