Sex-specific associations of birth weight with measures of adiposity in mid-to-late adulthood

the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)

G. Rockenbach, V. C. Luft, Noel Mueller, B. B. Duncan, M. C. Stein, Vigo, S. M A Matos, M. J M Fonseca, S. M. Barreto, I. M. Benseñor, Lawrence Appel, M. I. Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background/Objectives:To investigate sex-specific associations of birth weight with body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) in mid-to-late adulthood.Subjects/Methods:ELSA-Brasil is a multicenter cohort study of adults aged 35–74 years affiliated with universities or research institutions of six capital cities in Brazil. After exclusions, we investigated 11 636 participants. Socio-demographic factors and birth weight were obtained by interview. All anthropometry was directly measured at baseline. We categorized birth weight as low (⩽2.5 kg); normal (2.5–4 kg) and high (⩾4 kg). We performed analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) for continuous outcomes and ordinal logistic regression for categorical adiposity outcomes. We examined interaction on the multiplicative scale by sex and by race.Results:High birth weight uniformly predicted greater overall and central obesity in men and women. However, low (vs normal) birth weight, in ANCOVA models adjusted for participant age, family income, race, education, maternal education, and maternal and paternal history of diabetes, was associated with lower BMI, WC and WHR means for men, but not for women (Pinteraction=0.01,

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - May 24 2016

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Adiposity
Birth Weight
Longitudinal Studies
Weights and Measures
Waist-Hip Ratio
Health
Waist Circumference
Body Mass Index
Mothers
Education
Anthropometry
Abdominal Obesity
Low Birth Weight Infant
Multicenter Studies
Brazil
Cohort Studies
Logistic Models
Demography
Interviews
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Sex-specific associations of birth weight with measures of adiposity in mid-to-late adulthood : the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). / Rockenbach, G.; Luft, V. C.; Mueller, Noel; Duncan, B. B.; Stein, M. C.; Vigo; Matos, S. M A; Fonseca, M. J M; Barreto, S. M.; Benseñor, I. M.; Appel, Lawrence; Schmidt, M. I.

In: International Journal of Obesity, 24.05.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rockenbach, G. ; Luft, V. C. ; Mueller, Noel ; Duncan, B. B. ; Stein, M. C. ; Vigo ; Matos, S. M A ; Fonseca, M. J M ; Barreto, S. M. ; Benseñor, I. M. ; Appel, Lawrence ; Schmidt, M. I. / Sex-specific associations of birth weight with measures of adiposity in mid-to-late adulthood : the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). In: International Journal of Obesity. 2016.
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