Sex hormones and measures of kidney function in the diabetes prevention program outcomes study

Catherine Kim, Ana C. Ricardo, Edward J. Boyko, Costas A. Christophi, Marinella Temprosa, Karol E. Watson, Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Rita R. Kalyani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Context: Despite sex differences in chronic kidney disease (CKD) onset and progression, it is unclear whether endogenous sex hormones are associated with kidney function in persons without CKD. Design and Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) and its follow-up observational study, the DPP Outcomes Study, over 11 years. Participants included overweight and glucose-intolerant men (n = 889) and pre- A nd postmenopausal women (n = 1281) not using exogenous sex hormones andwhose urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) was, <30 mg/g and normal estimated glomerular filtration ratio (eGFR) was ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m 2 at randomization. We examined the association between sex hormone levels and incidence of low eGFR and/or ACR ≥30 mg/g on at least one measurement. Results: At randomization, the mean (SD) eGFR was 94 (15) mL/min/1.73 m 2 ; the median ACR (interquartile range) was 4.5 (3.3 to 7.6) mg/g. During follow-up, 187 men (24.6%) and 263 women (24.2%) had incident albuminuria and 136 men (17.9%) and 123 women (11.3%) had incident low eGFR. Among men, higher baseline sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) level was associated with reduced low eGFR risk (hazard ratio per SD, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.57 to 0.90) in adjusted analyses. No significant associations were observed among women. There were significant interactions between sex steroid levels and low eGFR by randomization arm. Conclusion: Sex steroids were not associated with development of low eGFR or albuminuria. Among men, higher SHBG level was associated with reduced risk of low eGFR on at least one measurement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1171-1180
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume104
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

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Gonadal Steroid Hormones
Medical problems
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Kidney
Random Allocation
Albumins
Creatinine
Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin
Albuminuria
Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Steroids
Sex Characteristics
Observational Studies
Disease Progression
Hazards
Odds Ratio
Urine
Glucose
Incidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

Cite this

Sex hormones and measures of kidney function in the diabetes prevention program outcomes study. / Kim, Catherine; Ricardo, Ana C.; Boyko, Edward J.; Christophi, Costas A.; Temprosa, Marinella; Watson, Karol E.; Pi-Sunyer, Xavier; Kalyani, Rita R.

In: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Vol. 104, No. 4, 01.04.2019, p. 1171-1180.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, C, Ricardo, AC, Boyko, EJ, Christophi, CA, Temprosa, M, Watson, KE, Pi-Sunyer, X & Kalyani, RR 2019, 'Sex hormones and measures of kidney function in the diabetes prevention program outcomes study', Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 104, no. 4, pp. 1171-1180. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2018-01495
Kim, Catherine ; Ricardo, Ana C. ; Boyko, Edward J. ; Christophi, Costas A. ; Temprosa, Marinella ; Watson, Karol E. ; Pi-Sunyer, Xavier ; Kalyani, Rita R. / Sex hormones and measures of kidney function in the diabetes prevention program outcomes study. In: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2019 ; Vol. 104, No. 4. pp. 1171-1180.
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abstract = "Context: Despite sex differences in chronic kidney disease (CKD) onset and progression, it is unclear whether endogenous sex hormones are associated with kidney function in persons without CKD. Design and Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) and its follow-up observational study, the DPP Outcomes Study, over 11 years. Participants included overweight and glucose-intolerant men (n = 889) and pre- A nd postmenopausal women (n = 1281) not using exogenous sex hormones andwhose urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) was, <30 mg/g and normal estimated glomerular filtration ratio (eGFR) was ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m 2 at randomization. We examined the association between sex hormone levels and incidence of low eGFR and/or ACR ≥30 mg/g on at least one measurement. Results: At randomization, the mean (SD) eGFR was 94 (15) mL/min/1.73 m 2 ; the median ACR (interquartile range) was 4.5 (3.3 to 7.6) mg/g. During follow-up, 187 men (24.6{\%}) and 263 women (24.2{\%}) had incident albuminuria and 136 men (17.9{\%}) and 123 women (11.3{\%}) had incident low eGFR. Among men, higher baseline sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) level was associated with reduced low eGFR risk (hazard ratio per SD, 0.80; 95{\%} CI, 0.57 to 0.90) in adjusted analyses. No significant associations were observed among women. There were significant interactions between sex steroid levels and low eGFR by randomization arm. Conclusion: Sex steroids were not associated with development of low eGFR or albuminuria. Among men, higher SHBG level was associated with reduced risk of low eGFR on at least one measurement.",
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T1 - Sex hormones and measures of kidney function in the diabetes prevention program outcomes study

AU - Kim, Catherine

AU - Ricardo, Ana C.

AU - Boyko, Edward J.

AU - Christophi, Costas A.

AU - Temprosa, Marinella

AU - Watson, Karol E.

AU - Pi-Sunyer, Xavier

AU - Kalyani, Rita R.

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N2 - Context: Despite sex differences in chronic kidney disease (CKD) onset and progression, it is unclear whether endogenous sex hormones are associated with kidney function in persons without CKD. Design and Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) and its follow-up observational study, the DPP Outcomes Study, over 11 years. Participants included overweight and glucose-intolerant men (n = 889) and pre- A nd postmenopausal women (n = 1281) not using exogenous sex hormones andwhose urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) was, <30 mg/g and normal estimated glomerular filtration ratio (eGFR) was ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m 2 at randomization. We examined the association between sex hormone levels and incidence of low eGFR and/or ACR ≥30 mg/g on at least one measurement. Results: At randomization, the mean (SD) eGFR was 94 (15) mL/min/1.73 m 2 ; the median ACR (interquartile range) was 4.5 (3.3 to 7.6) mg/g. During follow-up, 187 men (24.6%) and 263 women (24.2%) had incident albuminuria and 136 men (17.9%) and 123 women (11.3%) had incident low eGFR. Among men, higher baseline sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) level was associated with reduced low eGFR risk (hazard ratio per SD, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.57 to 0.90) in adjusted analyses. No significant associations were observed among women. There were significant interactions between sex steroid levels and low eGFR by randomization arm. Conclusion: Sex steroids were not associated with development of low eGFR or albuminuria. Among men, higher SHBG level was associated with reduced risk of low eGFR on at least one measurement.

AB - Context: Despite sex differences in chronic kidney disease (CKD) onset and progression, it is unclear whether endogenous sex hormones are associated with kidney function in persons without CKD. Design and Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) and its follow-up observational study, the DPP Outcomes Study, over 11 years. Participants included overweight and glucose-intolerant men (n = 889) and pre- A nd postmenopausal women (n = 1281) not using exogenous sex hormones andwhose urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) was, <30 mg/g and normal estimated glomerular filtration ratio (eGFR) was ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m 2 at randomization. We examined the association between sex hormone levels and incidence of low eGFR and/or ACR ≥30 mg/g on at least one measurement. Results: At randomization, the mean (SD) eGFR was 94 (15) mL/min/1.73 m 2 ; the median ACR (interquartile range) was 4.5 (3.3 to 7.6) mg/g. During follow-up, 187 men (24.6%) and 263 women (24.2%) had incident albuminuria and 136 men (17.9%) and 123 women (11.3%) had incident low eGFR. Among men, higher baseline sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) level was associated with reduced low eGFR risk (hazard ratio per SD, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.57 to 0.90) in adjusted analyses. No significant associations were observed among women. There were significant interactions between sex steroid levels and low eGFR by randomization arm. Conclusion: Sex steroids were not associated with development of low eGFR or albuminuria. Among men, higher SHBG level was associated with reduced risk of low eGFR on at least one measurement.

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