Sex differences in the association between ideal cardiovascular health and biomarkers of cardiovascular disease among adults in the United States: A cross-sectional analysis from the multiethnic study of atherosclerosis

Olatokunbo Osibogun, Oluseye Ogunmoroti, Martin Tibuakuu, Eve Marie Benson, Erin D. Michos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives This study investigated the sex differences in the associations between ideal cardiovascular health (CVH), measured by the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7 metrics, and cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related biomarkers among an ethnically diverse cohort of women and men free of clinical CVD at baseline. Setting We analysed data from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis conducted in six centres across the USA (Baltimore, Maryland; Chicago, Illinois; Forsyth County, North Carolina; Los Angeles, California; New York, New York; and St Paul, Minnesota). Participants This is a cross-sectional study of 5379 women and men, aged 45-84 years old. Mean age (SD) was 62 (10), 52% were women, 38% White, 11% Chinese American, 28% Black and 23% Hispanic. Primary measures The seven metrics (smoking, body mass index, physical activity, diet, total cholesterol, blood pressure and blood glucose) were each scored as 0 points (poor), 1 point (intermediate) or 2 points (ideal). The total CVH score ranged from 0 to 14. The CVD-related biomarkers studied were high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, D-dimer, fibrinogen, homocysteine, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T, N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and interleukin 6. We examined the association between the CVH score and each biomarker using multivariable linear regression, adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, education, income and health insurance status. Results Higher CVH scores were associated with lower concentrations of all biomarkers, except for NT-proBNP where we found a direct association. There were statistically significant interactions by sex for all biomarkers (p<0.001), but results were qualitatively similar between women and men. Conclusion A more favourable CVH score was associated with lower levels of multiple CVD-related biomarkers for women and men, except for NT-proBNP. These data suggest that promotion of ideal CVH would have similarly favourable impact on the reduction of biomarkers of CVD risk for both women and men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere031414
JournalBMJ open
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019

Keywords

  • biomarkers
  • cardiovascular disease
  • gender
  • ideal cardiovascular health metrics
  • life's simple 7
  • sex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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