Seven-year follow-up study of symptoms in asylum seekers and refugees with ptsd treated with trauma-focused groups

Boris Droždek, Astrid M. Kamperman, Wietse A. Tol, Jeroen W. Knipscheer, Rolf J. Kleber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To examine sustainability of symptom outcomes of a 1-year phase-based trauma-focused, multimodal, and multicomponent group therapy in a day treatment program for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) over an average period of 7 years. Method: Iranian and Afghan patients (N = 69) were assessed with self-rated symptom checklists for PTSD, anxiety, and depression symptoms before (T1), after (T2), and up to 11 years upon completion of the treatment (T3). A series of mixed model regression analyses was applied to determine the course of the measured symptoms over time. Results: At T2, all symptoms were reduced, but PTSD symptoms showed the strongest reduction. The trend of symptom reduction continued up to 5 years posttreatment and was similar for all the examined symptoms. After 5 years, all symptoms started to worsen, but remained under baseline levels at T3. Conclusions: The applied treatment appears to improve mental health of the studied sample on both the short and longer term.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)376-387
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology
Volume70
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2014

Keywords

  • Asylum seekers
  • Follow-up
  • Group therapy
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Refugees

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology

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