Serum iron level, coronary artery disease, and all-cause mortality in older men and women

Maria Chiara Corti, Jack M. Guralnik, Marcel E. Salive, Luigi Ferrucci, Marco Pahor, Robert B. Wallace, Charles H. Hennekens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The association between iron levels and coronary artery disease (CAD) mortality is controversial. Whereas most data show no association, some have raised the possibility of a causal role, while others have suggested a protective effect of iron on CAD. To address these possibilities, we examined the association between serum iron and CAD, cardiovascular disease, and all-cause mortality in a large cohort of 3,936 persons aged ≥71 years who completed an interview, had a serum iron determination, and survived at least 1 year after baseline. The median follow-up time was 4.4 years. Serum iron levels were categorized according to sex-specific quartiles. Relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (Cl) were calculated from proportional-hazards regression models adjusted for age, race, education, creatinine, serum albumin, serum lipids, use of iron supplementation, smoking, use of alcohol, blood pressure, body mass index, and presence of chronic conditions. There was a gradual decrease in the RRs of CAD, cardiovascular disease, and all-cause mortality with increasing serum iron levels (all tests for trend, p

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-127
Number of pages8
JournalThe American Journal of Cardiology
Volume79
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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