Purpose: We investigated changes in serum biomarkers of vascular function after short-term, continuous sildenafil dosing in men with type 2 diabetes with erectile dysfunction. Materials and Methods: Men with erectile dysfunction associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus were randomized to receive continuous, daily sildenafil (50 mg for 1 week run-in and 100 mg for 3 weeks) (148), or placebo (144) for 4 weeks (phase I) and then sildenafil (25, 50 or 100 mg) on demand for 12 weeks (phase II). Blood draws at baseline and after phases I and II were analyzed for cyclic guanosine monophosphate (endothelial function marker), 8-isoprostane (oxidative stress marker), and interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 (inflammatory cytokines). Primary and secondary erectile function outcome variables were affirmative responses on Sexual Encounter Profile question 3 (ability to maintain erection sufficient for sexual intercourse) and Erection Hardness Score, respectively. Results: Serum cyclic guanosine monophosphate levels were increased in the sildenafil group relative to the placebo group at 4 (p <0.01) and 16 (p <0.05) weeks, correlating with affirmative responses to Sexual Encounter Profile question 3 at the 4-week interval only (p <0.05). Serum 8-isoprostane levels were decreased to a nonsignificant degree in the sildenafil group at 4 weeks with no further change at 16 weeks, whereas interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 levels were unchanged at either interval, and these levels were unassociated with erectile function outcomes. Conclusions: These data suggest that short-term, continuous sildenafil treatment causes systemic endothelial function to be enhanced and remain so for a duration after its discontinuation. However, they do not indicate any influence of this treatment on systemic oxidative stress or inflammation, or an effect on long-term erectile function improvement.
- cardiovascular diseases
- cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases
- penile erection
- type 5
ASJC Scopus subject areas