The monoamines serotonin (5-HT), noradrenaline (NA), and dopamine (DA), which are present in the developing brain apparently before they assume their neurotransmitter functions, are regarded as strong candidates for a role in the maturation of the cerebral cortex. Here we sought to investigate their effects on the generation and differentiation of cortical cell types. Slice cultures, prepared from the cortices of embryonic day (E) 14, E16, and E19 rat fetuses, were kept in defined medium or in defined medium plus 5-HT for 7 d. E16 cortices were also exposed to NA or DA for the same period. At the end of this period, the proportions of the neuronal [glutamate (Glu)-, GABA-, calbindin-, calretinin-labeled], glial (GFAP), and neuroepithelial (nestin) cell types were estimated for all conditions. We found that in E16 cultures, application of 5-HT, but not of NA or DA, significantly increased the proportion of Glu-containing neurons without affecting the overall neuronal population or the proportions of any other cell types. A similar effect was observed in co-cultures of E16 cortex with slices through the midbrain raphe nuclei of E19 rats. The total amount of cortical Glu, as measured with HPLC, was also increased in these co-cultures. To investigate whether the effect of 5-HT was the result of changes in cell proliferation, we exposed slices to bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and found that the proportion of BrdU-labeled cells was similar in the 5-HT-treated and control slices. These results indicate that 5-HT promotes the differentiation of cortical Glu-containing neurons without affecting neuroepithelial cell proliferation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Neuroscience|
|State||Published - 1997|
- Slice cultures
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