Seroprevalence of pertussis in Madagascar and implications for vaccination

Solohery L. Razafimahatratra, Amy Wesolowski, Lala Rafetrarivony, Jean Michel Heraud, Forrest K. Jones, Simon Cauchemez, Richter Razafindratsimandresy, Sandratana J. Raharinantoanina, Aina Harimanana, Jean Marc Collard, C. J.E. Metcalf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pertussis is a highly contagious infectious disease and remains an important cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Over the last decade, vaccination has greatly reduced the burden of pertussis. Yet, uncertainty in individual vaccination coverage and ineffective case surveillance systems make it difficult to estimate burden and the related quantity of population level susceptibility, which determines population risk. These issues are more pronounced in low-income settings where coverage is often overestimated, and case numbers are under-reported. Serological data provide a direct characterization of the landscape of susceptibility to infection; and can be combined with vaccination coverage and basic theory to estimate rates of exposure to natural infection. Here, we analyzed cross-sectional data on seropositivity against pertussis to identify spatial and age patterns of susceptibility in children in Madagascar. The majority of individuals surveyed were seronegative, however there were patterns suggestive of natural infection in all the regions analyzed. Improvements in vaccination coverage are needed to help prevent additional burden of pertussis in the country.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEpidemiology and infection
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Madagascar
  • pertussis
  • serology
  • vaccination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Infectious Diseases

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