The presence of hepatitis B surface and core antibodies (anti-HBs and anti-HBc) in a liver donor without hepatitis B surface antigen is taken to indicate resolution of hepatitis B and is not considered to contraindicate donation. We report a liver transplant recipient who developed hepatitis B after such a donation. It seems that hepatitis B virus can reside in the liver of a patient who has seemingly recovered from his disease. We recommend avoidance of liver transplants from donors who are positive for anti-HBs and anti-HBc.
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