Serologic testing of cornea donors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose. To review the current requirements and rationale for serologic testing of cornea donors and to provide guidelines for dealing with results of nonrequired tests. Methods. Eye Bank Association of America (EBAA) and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations are examined with respect to current knowledge of the risk of donor-to-host transmission of systemic infectious diseases via corneal transplantation. Results. Negative screening tests are required for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) 1 and 2, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) before release of tissue for transplantation. Other tests reported by organ-procurement organizations commonly include hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc), syphilis, cytomegalovirus (CMV), and human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) I and II. No systemic infectious-disease transmission from donor corneas supplied by EBAA-member eye banks has occurred in the last 12 years, a period during which >400,000 corneas were provided for transplantation. Conclusion. EBAA donor-screening requirements, including serologic testing, have resulted in an excellent safety record. Requirements for serologic testing should continue to be regularly reviewed as new information becomes available.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-128
Number of pages6
JournalCornea
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1998

Keywords

  • Cornea
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • Eye Bank Association of America
  • Hepatitis B virus
  • Hepatitis C virus
  • Human T-lymphotropic virus
  • Human immunodeficiency virus
  • Infection
  • Serology
  • Syphilis
  • Transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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