Serial in vivo imaging of transplanted allogeneic neural stem cell survival in a mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Amit K. Srivastava, Sarah K. Gross, Akshata Almad, Camille A. Bulte, Nicholas J Maragakis, Jeff W Bulte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Neural stem cells (NSCs) are being investigated as a possible treatment for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) through intraspinal transplantation, but no longitudinal imaging studies exist that describe the survival of engrafted cells over time. Allogeneic firefly luciferase-expressing murine NSCs (Luc+-NSCs) were transplanted bilaterally (100,000 cells/2 μl) into the cervical spinal cord (C5) parenchyma of pre-symptomatic (63 day-old) SOD1G93A ALS mice (n = 14) and wild-type age-matched littermates (n = 14). Six control SOD1G93A ALS mice were injected with saline. Mice were immunosuppressed using a combination of tacrolimus + sirolimus (1 mg/kg each, i.p.) daily. Compared to saline-injected SOD1G93A ALS control mice, a transient improvement (p < 0.05) in motor performance (rotarod test) was observed after NSC transplantation only at the early disease stage (weeks 2 and 3 post-transplantation). Compared to day one post-transplantation, there was a significant decline in bioluminescent imaging (BLI) signal in SOD1G93A ALS mice at the time of disease onset (71.7 ± 17.9% at 4 weeks post-transplantation, p < 0.05), with a complete loss of BLI signal at endpoint (120 day-old mice). In contrast, BLI signal intensity was observed in wild-type littermates throughout the entire study period, with only a 41.4 ± 8.7% decline at the endpoint. In SOD1G93A ALS mice, poor cell survival was accompanied by accumulation of mature macrophages and the presence of astrogliosis and microgliosis. We conclude that the disease progression adversely affects the survival of engrafted murine Luc+-NSCs in SOD1G93A ALS mice as a result of the hostile ALS spinal cord microenvironment, further emphasizing the challenges that face successful cell therapy of ALS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)96-102
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Neurology
Volume289
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Keywords

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Bioluminescence imaging
  • Cell survival
  • Neural stem cell
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience

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