Serial changes in lymphocyte subsets in patients with newly diagnosed high grade astrocytomas treated with standard radiation and temozolomide

Jian L. Campian, Anna F. Piotrowski, Xiaobu Ye, Frances T. Hakim, Jeremy Rose, Xiao Yi Yan, Yao Lu, Ronald Gress, Stuart A Grossman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The immune system plays a significant role in cancer prevention and outcome. In high grade astrocytomas (HGA), severe lymphopenia is associated with shortened survival due to tumor progression. This study was performed to quantify serial changes in lymphocyte subsets in HGA following standard radiation (RT) and temozolomide (TMZ). Adults (KPS >60, HIV negative) with newly diagnosed HGA scheduled to receive concurrent RT and TMZ and adjuvant TMZ were eligible. Blood was collected before beginning concurrent RT/TMZ and at weeks 6, 10, 18, and 26, and 3 months after completing adjuvant TMZ. Lymphocyte subsets were analyzed by flow cytometry. Twenty patients (70% glioblastoma, median age 53, 50% male, 80% Caucasian) who enrolled from January 2014 to August 2014 were followed until April 2016. Baseline dexamethasone dose was 0.5 mg/day and 15% had absolute lymphocyte counts (ALC) <1000 cells/mm3 before starting RT/TMZ. However, 75% developed lymphopenia with ALC <1000 cells/mm3 after completion of RT/TMZ. NK cells, B cells and all T lymphocytes subsets dropped significantly after concurrent RT/TMZ and remained depressed for the 48 weeks of observation. The CD4+/CD8+ ratio was not affected significantly during follow-up. Severe lymphopenia involving all subsets occurred early in treatment and remained present for nearly 1 year. To our knowledge, this is the first report of serial trends in lymphocyte subsets following standard RT and TMZ for HGA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuro-Oncology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jul 29 2017

Keywords

  • High grade astrocytoma
  • Lymphocyte subsets
  • Lymphopenia
  • Radiation
  • Temozolomide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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